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"Technology and Empire" by George Grant

    It would seem that Grant's history of the technological disposition of North America might be summed-up thusly:

i) Calvinists  (radical inscrutability of God, rejection of natural theology and the Greeks, will needed for the creation of God's kingdom on Earth).
ii) Contractualism (rejects natural theology, will needed for the creation of a social contract).
    *and adopt*
iii) Technological science (useful for the the creation of the "city on the hill" in the confrontation with the primal wilderness).

    Ultimately, though, these beliefs are not compatible. One must go.

*Essay II*

    The most important thought in this essay is on the place of religion in a progressivist liberal society within the specific cnotext of the Ontario School Question of the 1960s. In summary: should religion be taught in school, and, if yes, which religion? Grant's (abbreviated) answer: a constitutional state must have some involvement in religious matters, if only to prevent the spread of creeds which might undermine it. However, neither pragmatism nor natural theology can say what, if any, religion may be considered most 'true', and cannot put-forth a candidate for the 'true' religion, but only possible 'public' religions or civil theologies.

    Conservatives, for Grant, solve this dilemma by simply sticking with tradition when they themselves have no true religion (or in spite of tehir own beliefs). The problem in Ontario is the lack of any such clear, unmuddled, and shared tradition among the ruling classes; particularly given the (then newfound) sacralization of 'efficiency' and the implied positivistic goals to which efficient action strains. The danger in such a situation is that the Church will truly be 'used' in the sense of put-to-work, for the purposes of such dreary, positivistic individuals.

*Essay III*

i) Technological progress is the religion of modernity.
ii) England (the UK) was the first modern culture.
iii) The US and Canada were founded by that most modern empire.
iv) No relevant ties bind Canadians, now, to traditions preceeding modernity.
    a) Even Quebecers are buying-in (Quiet Revolution).
    b) Out "Locke with a dash of Anglicanism" has given way to simply Locke.
v) Those who feel alienated from their societies/Empires have only other progressive cultures to run to (Sartre), drugs, or nothing.
vi) Man is zoon politikon, and does not have the option of simply opting-out.

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