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Two prime characteristics that set religion (both as an organized movement in social reality, and a personal mindset in one's relationship with the Other) apart from philosophy are the former's definitive adoption - to varying extents - of orthodoxy and orthopraxy.

Acceptance of orthodoxy, a word derived from the Hellenic word orthodoxia or "correct opinion", is in keeping with the view that a certain mindset is required in one's relationship with the ultimate reality, and that divergence from that framework of understanding causes one to diverge from correct understanding.

Orthopraxy, from the Hellenic word orthopraxia or "correct actions", on the other hand, is symbolic of the belief that certain acts - rituals which are defined as meaningful by way of the relationship between the social reality and the sacred one - are inherently invokative of the ultimate reality, and thus serve as a medium between "the other in its otherness" and the personal reality of the believer.

Taken together, orthodoxy and orthopraxy are seen, by the religious intellect, as the essential keys towards unlocking the doors to understanding through the invitation to, or invokation of revelation. From this, philosophy essentially differs through its emphasis on the aquisition of knowledge of the ultimate reality through discovery, and its de-emphasis of the gifting of knowledge upon the knowledge-seeker as a result of non-personal intervention.

Given the above, which would be better described as a religion - Buddhism or Neo-Liberalism?

Photo of a statue of Sophia

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